Like sweet potatoes, potatoes are one of the foods that many people choose and use in family meals. It can be said that among the tubers, potatoes belong to the group of rich nutrients that provide many essential vitamins and minerals for the body. So, around this tuber, there is still something interesting that we have not been able to explore, let’s find out in the article below.

I. Potato Origin

It is speculated that the potato plant may have originated in the Andes, where it was cultivated by the Incas. In pre-Columbian times, the potato was grown throughout the Americas, where it was considered a staple food. The history of the potato plant is difficult to trace, largely because the word potato is also used to refer to sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas) and other unrelated tubers.

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Spanish explorers are said to have brought the potato into Spain from Peru in the 16th century. From there it spread throughout Europe. It was brought to North America by Europeans in the 1600s. That is, like the tomato, the potato was a food that was “settled” into the Americas.

II. Features of potato plants

Potato plants are herbaceous perennials growing to about 60 cm in height, dying after flowering.

Potato flowers are white, pink, red, blue, or purple, with yellow pistils.

Potatoes are pollinated mainly by insects, bumblebees carry pollen from plant to plant, but some self-pollinating is also present.

After the potatoes flower, some varieties produce green cherries-like fruit, which can contain 300 seeds. Potatoes contain a large amount of toxic alkaloids, solanine, so they are not edible.

Potatoes and knowledge to know

III. Nutritional value of potatoes

Potatoes cooked in their skinless state are a great source of many essential vitamins and minerals, such as vitamin C or potassium.

Potatoes are mostly water, in addition, the main components of potatoes include carbs, protein and a moderate amount of fiber, especially potatoes have almost no fat.

IV. Growing and distributing potatoes in Vietnam

Potato is a plant with high economic and nutritional value, but it is very difficult to grow because it is very sensitive to weather and pests… Understanding and understanding the techniques of caring for and managing potato pests and diseases is very important. that every farmer must have if he wants to be successful with this crop.

In Vietnam, the area of ​​potato cultivation is concentrated in three main regions: the Red River Delta, the Northern Mountains and Da Lat (Lam Dong).

According to the General Statistics Office of Vietnam, since 2008, Vietnam has 35,000-37,000 hectares of potato plants. Potato production in Vietnam is from 420-450 thousand tons/year.

In recent years, the area and production of potatoes have increased in our country.