Banana is a fruit that is almost familiar to everyone, is a popular and popular fruit dish, so almost everyone has used bananas and products from it. But how much do you know about this fruit?
Characteristic

Banana is the name of the tree species of the genus Musa, a type of short-day plant; Its fruit is the most widely eaten fruit. These trees are native to the tropics of Southeast Asia and Australia. Today, it is grown throughout the tropics. It is grown mainly for its fruit, the stem is also used for decorative purposes or for animal fodder. Leaves are used a lot in wrapping cakes, especially special cakes of Vietnam.

Hàm lượng dinh dưỡng trong chuối rất cao

The fruits of wild banana trees (also known as wild bananas in Vietnam) have many large and hard seeds. But most banana varieties today have been domesticated, bred to have triploid chromosomes, few seeds and often no seeds.

Most of today’s bananas in the world are grown mainly for fresh consumption and for the food industry; of which only about 10–15% of total output is for export. The United States and countries in the European Union import bananas the most, followed by China – the largest banana consumption market of Vietnam.
Distribution area

Native to Southeast Asia and Australia. Today, it is grown throughout the tropics. and popular in at least 107 countries. Vietnam is a tropical country and is one of the countries of bananas, from the North to the South, the plains as well as the mountains, everywhere and in every season.

In our country, this is a fruit with a high planted area and high yield. With an area accounting for 19% of the total area of ​​fruit trees in Vietnam annually, the output is about 1.4 million tons. However, the distribution is not centralized. Due to the characteristics of a short-term plant, many uses and less space, bananas are grown in many places in orchards and households. Some central and southern provinces have quite large banana growing areas (Thanh Hoa, Nghe An, Khanh Hoa, Dong Nai, Soc Trang, Ca Mau have an area from 3,000 ha to nearly 8,000 ha). Meanwhile, the northern provinces with the largest banana growing area such as Hai Phong, Nam Dinh, Phu Tho… have not reached 3,000 ha.
Applying products in life

When it comes to banana products, you can see it every day in many aspects of your life.

Leaves are used to wrap traditional Vietnamese cakes, make handicrafts, make interior decorations, etc.

The stem is used as animal feed, decorative ornaments, used to process household items such as cups, plates, etc. with a special production process.

As for the fruit, due to its high nutritional content, it is applied in processing into many products such as: smoothies, ice cream, cakes, dried bananas, flexible dried bananas, crispy dried bananas (vacuum fried), …

The peel is used in a number of medical fields, extracting ingredients for use in toothpaste, cosmetics, etc.

In addition, all stems, leaves, fruits, shells, etc. can be used as bio-fertilizers, fertilizer for plants, or as animal feed. In short, we can make the most of this plant in all aspects of our lives.