Cucumbers belong to the cucurbit family, which is native to the warm tropics of southern Europe and is a thermophilic plant. In the last years of the twentieth century, cucumber is an important vegetable crop in the world. The leading countries in terms of planted area and productivity are: China, Soviet Union, Japan, USA, Netherlands, Turkey, Egypt, Spain.

According to FAO (1993), the world rat population is 1,178,000 ha, the yield is 15.56 tons/ha and the output is 1,832,968 tons. In our country in recent years, the introduction of rats has become an important vegetable crop in production, having great significance in terms of economic efficiency and solving food problems.

Cây dưa chuột và những kiến thức cần biết

Cucumber plants and knowledge to know

Features of cucumber plants

Melon roots develop very weakly, roots are only distributed in the topsoil 30-40 cm. The main root system is relatively developed, distributed mainly in the cultivation layer at depth from 0 to 30 cm, width from 50 to 60 cm.

Herbs are annual, long stem, with many tendrils to cling to when crawling. The length of the stem depends on the cultivation conditions and varieties, the varieties cultivated in the field are usually only 0.5-2.5 m long. Stems on cotyledons and internodes in high humidity conditions can form many adventitious roots. Body is round or angular, hairy more or less depending on breed.

Leaves are large, alternate on the stem, slightly triangular leaves (5-sided propeller shape) on both sides of the leaf blade are hairy, with petioles 5-15 cm long; raw or serrated edges. The leaves on the same plant also vary in size and shape.

The female flowers grow in the leaf axils in pairs or separately; male flowers grow in clusters of 5-7 flowers; cucumbers also have hermaphroditic flowers; There are varieties on the tree with all 3 types of flowers and there are varieties with only 1 type of flowers on the tree. Flowers are yellow, pollinated by insects, the ovary of the female flower develops very quickly just before the flower opens.

Left: When young, there are rough thorns, when the fruit is large, the thorns slowly disappear. Fruit from formation to harvest is dark green, light green, with or without patterns (stripes, streaks, dots), when ripe, the fruit turns dark yellow, brown or white green.

Seeds: The fruit contains ivory white seeds, with an average of 200-500 seeds/fruit.