Electricity is the main source of energy in human life. However, improper use of electricity, not being careful can completely give rise to dangerous cases, possibly even loss of life. Therefore, ensuring safety when using electricity in production is extremely important. Let’s refer to the safety measures when using electricity in accordance with the standards and regulations set out in the article below!

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Unsafe risks when using electricity

15 safety measures to remember when using electricity

Proper installation of electrical switchgear

Choose the right electrical switchgear

Installation location of circuit breakers, fuses, switches and sockets

Keep a safe distance from household electricity

Stay away from places with dangerous voltage

Avoid using electrical equipment while it is charging

When installing electrical equipment in the home

Use good quality electrical equipment

When checking the electrical system

When there is a flood, heavy rain and thunder

Regular warranty for electrical equipment

Full protection of the equipment

Electrical technicians need to be properly trained

Check the correct operation of electrical safety rules

Do not spontaneously install near grid works

Unsafe risks when using electricity

Electricity is an invisible substance that cannot be seen, but has a great impact on the human body, so the degree of danger cannot be fully measured. When using electricity unsafely, you face underground danger, like a “double-edged sword”, which can cause great loss of life and money.

According to the Ministry of Industry and Trade’s Department of Technical Safety and Industrial Environment, there are approximately 400 to 500 electrical accidents nationwide each year, resulting in 350 to 400 deaths and hundreds of injuries. Of these accidents, 70% originate from unsafe factors during the use of electricity in the home and daily life, 15% are due to faults in the production phase, and the remaining 5% belong to other violations.

Causes of electrical accidents.

Repairing electricity without turning it on/off

Inspecting electrical equipment but not using protective or support tools

Direct contact with live objects

Using equipment that leaks electricity

Direct contact with electrical outlets, exposed wires or exposed conductors

Touching components that have been separated from the power source but are still energized

Generating arcing discharges when switching circuit breakers with large loads or short circuits, etc. The arc generated has a very high temperature. Arcing can cause severe burns and deep burns to those affected, and such wounds are very difficult to treat.

Violation of the safety distance from substations and high-voltage power grids. With high voltage electricity or high voltage lines, electricity is released into the air and is still dangerous even if you are only close but not in direct contact. At a small enough contact distance, a high-voltage discharge can occur and a large current can pass through your body, leading to serious consequences.

15 safety measures to remember when using electricity

Proper installation of electrical switchgear

One of the first principles of electrical safety you need to follow is to pay attention to the correct installation of the electrical wiring of the equipment. When installing, it is necessary to install circuit breakers or closers at the end of the main power line and at the branches of each floor. In addition, it is necessary to install fuses in front of the power outlets in order to cut off the current in case of short circuit or overload and to prevent electrical fires. The power switch protection device should be installed on the phase line, preferably on both the phase and neutral lines.

Selecting the right power switchgear

The selected protective switchgear must be suitable for the capacity used, with a cover to cover the energized part. It is recommended to install more leakage protection devices to prevent dangerous electrical accidents, especially in flooded areas.

Installation location of circuit breakers, fuses, switches and power outlets

To ensure electrical safety in the home, circuit breakers, fuses, switches, and power outlets must be located in high places to ensure easy access. For families with children or where they may be flooded, they must be at least 1.4 meters higher than the ground and floor.

Keep a safe distance from household electricity

Do not touch areas of the home that have electricity, such as. Electrical outlets, circuit breakers, fuses without covers, wiring connections, exposed wires, etc. to avoid a fatal electric shock. Use hand-held power tools (electric drills, grinders ……) Low-voltage insulated gloves must be worn when using them to avoid electrocution in case of tool leakage.

Stay away from dangerous voltage places

Maintain safe, long-distance contact to avoid high-voltage discharges, which can lead to serious consequences. Use interlocking devices, signal lights, hazard signs and fences in dangerous high-voltage locations to prevent accidental contact.

Avoid using electrical equipment while charging